Antidrug antibody quantification
Drug is tagged with a fluorescent label and incubated with serum. If antibodies are present, the resulting drug antibody complex has a significantly higher molecular weight than free drug, thus allowing the separation of free drug from antibody-bound drug for quantification2,4; the area under the drug antibody peak can be used to quantify the antibody level as shown.
Unlike solid-phase detection methods (for example, ELISA/ECLIA), which can only detect antidrug antibodies that are not bound to circulating drug, the methodology used by PROMETHEUS Anser IFX and PROMETHEUS Anser ADA allows for the detection of both drug-free and drug-bound antidrug antibodies in a patient’s serum. These tests also detect all immunoglobulin subtypes, in addition to antibodies with weak binding affinity – both of which may be missed in ELISA/ECLIA testing.2,4